The leadership of South Ossetia has announced a necessity to call a referendum on joining Russia. Meanwhile, the Republic of South Ossetia and Russian Federation have already signed an alliance and integration treaty, intergovernmental agreements to the Big Treaty are being signed. The referendum issue regarding direct joining Russia is being actualized in the republic by various political forces every time it is facing an election campaign. There is no clear vision when and how the accession should be taking place. Various scenarios are still being discussed, from joining the Russian Federation as a single region to becoming a part of North Ossetia. Russia’s position is that the referendum is South Ossetia’s internal affair; the issue of South Ossetia’s accession is not being discussed.